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  • New Publication: Progress and Opportunities: Challenges and Recommendations for Montreux Document Participants, 2nd edition

    1 Aug 2015
    The second edition integrates important new research, extensive feedback from Montreux Document participants, and the debates and conclusions of the Montreux+5 Conference.
    2nd editionhand on pistol

    The study assesses progress and identifies the ways in which Montreux Document participants are seeking to ensure more effective regulation of PMSCs.

    Initially commissioned by Switzerland in 2013 to inform discussions during the fifth anniversary conference, this second edition incorporates and builds on the conclusions and results of the Montreux+5 Conference. It includes updated feedback from Montreux Document participants, and integrates new research regarding the regulation and oversight of PMSCs.

    The second edition reflects important new developments that have taken place since 2013 In particular, one of the key recommendations of the Montreux+5 Conference has been realised: the establishment of the MDF as a means to promote implementation and outreach among Montreux Document participants.

    The study is structured according to six key implementation challenges faced by Montreux Document participants.

    Each challenge is analysed and existing good practices are considered.

    Recommendations are then put forward for ways to support more effective implementation of the Montreux Document.



  • Ireland and Monaco become the latest participants to the Montreux Document

    9 Apr 2015
    In recent months, Ireland and Monaco became the latest states to officially support the Montreux Document.

    From an initial 17 states in 2008, the number of Montreux Document participants has tripled. This indicates that outreach has been an important success story for the Montreux Document.

    Ireland and Monaco are the 51st and 52nd States to officially support the Montreux Document.
    Ireland and Monaco are the 51st and 52nd states to officially support the Montreux Document.

    However, much remains to be done to increase support for the Montreux Document in different world regions, notably in the Asia Pacific region, Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean.

    Promoting further support for the Montreux Document is one of the main objectives of the MDF, which could be pursued by all Montreux Document participants and in particular, by the Group of Friends of the Chair.

    Promoting further support for the Montreux Document is one of the main objectives of the MDF, which could be pursued by all Montreux Document participants and in particular, by the Group of Friends of the Chair.



  • The Montreux Document Forum is Launched

    16 Dec 2014
    Six years after its adoption, Montreux Document participants have now established the Montreux Document Forum to continue working on the implementation of the Montreux Document. The Montreux Document Forum (MDF) was established during a Constitutional Meeting of states and international organisations on 16 December 2014. The Forum seeks to support national implementation of the Montreux Document as well as to increase support for the initiative. The MDF is currently co-chaired by Switzerland and the ICRC.
    hand on pistol
    The Constitutional Meeting of the MDF was chaired by Ambassador Dr. Valentin Zellweger, Director of the Directorate of International Law of the Federal Department of Foreign Affairs (FDFA), and Dr. Helen Durham, Director of International Law and Policy of the International Committee of the Red Cross.

    By providing a venue for informal consultation among Montreux Document participants, the Montreux Document Forum aims to strengthen dialogue on good practices and challenges related to the regulation of PMSCs. From an initial 17 states in 2008, the Montreux Document is now supported by 53 states and three international organisations. Press releases of Switzerland and the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) are available.

    The Montreux Document Forum seeks to support implementation, outreach and the exchange of good practices on the regulation of PMSCs.



  • The Report on the 2013 MD Regional Conference for Southeast Asia is now available.

    15 Dec 2014
    In July 2013, the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Philippines, in collaboration with the ICRC, and in coordination with the National Defense College of the Philippines (NDCP) and DCAF hosted a conference to raise awareness of the Montreux Document in Southeast Asia and to discuss challenges related to the regulation of PMSCs.
    Conference Report

    Manila, Philippines

    The conference was held in Manila, Philippines and included the participation of nearly 60 representatives of governments, civil society, international organisations and industry.

    The conference provided a regional perspective on states’ interactions with PMSCs and identified national regulations with a view to sharing good practices. The conference was held in Manila, Philippines and gathered nearly 60 representatives of governments, international organisations and industry from 8 states in the region (Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam).

    Download the report of the Conference or read online:

    The conference raised awareness of the Montreux Document in Southeast Asia and discussed challenges related to the regulation of PMSCs.



  • Montreux Document Regional Conference held for Francophone African states, Dakar, Senegal

    4 Jun 2014
    In June 2014, the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Senegal in collaboration with the ICRC, and the Centre des hautes études du défense et securité (CHEDS), and DCAF, hosted a regional conference in Dakar.

    The conference gathered over 60 participants including civil society, international organisations and representatives from 16 states in the Francophone and Lusophone region in Africa (Algeria, Bénin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cap Vert, Cameroon, Mauritania, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea Conakry, Guinea-Bissau, Madagascar, Mali, Niger, Central African Republic, Togo).

    The conference gathered over 60 participants.

    The aim of the seminar was to increase the number of states supporting the Montreux Document, to provide an opportunity to share experiences, and to identify good practices regarding the national regulation of PMSCs in sub-Saharan Africa.

    Download the report of the Conference or read online:



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