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The Forum

In December 2013, Switzerland and the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), in cooperation with the Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of the Armed Forces (DCAF), hosted the Montreux +5 Conference to reflect on the fifth anniversary of the finalisation of the Montreux Document. During this Conference, participants supported the idea of establishing a Forum to engage in more regular dialogue on outreach and implementation of the rules and good practices contained in the Document.

During 2014, Switzerland and the ICRC convened a number of preparatory meetings to discuss the establishment, modalities and functions of the Montreux Document Forum (MDF), culminating in the launch of the MDF in Geneva, Switzerland on 16 December 2014.

By providing a venue for informal consultation among Montreux Document participants, the MDF seeks to support national implementation of the Montreux Document, as well as to bring more states and international organisations to actively support it. The MDF further aims to strengthen dialogue on lessons learned, good practices and challenges related to the regulation of PMSCs. Download the Working Practices of the MDF.

The MDF is currently chaired by Switzerland and the ICRC; who are supported by the Group of Friends of the Chair in the performance of their tasks.

During the preparatory meetings, Montreux Document participants agreed to establish two working groups, which are open to participants on a voluntary basis. The Working Group (WG) on the International Code of Conduct Association (ICoCA) is currently chaired by Sweden.

The Working Group on the use of private military and security companies in maritime security has not yet been established, as a Chair has not been identified.


© CICR / VOETEN, Teun Anthony


© 2015 DCAF

Secretariat functions are performed by DCAF.